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Table 4.1: Main Health Indicators of Pakistan

Years

1999

2000

Life Expectancy

  Male

64

64

  Female

66

66

% Disabled Population (1998)*

2.54

Crude Death Rate

8.3

7.8

Growth Rate

2.19

1.13

Women's Health

Crude Birth Rate

30.2

29.1

General Fertility Rate

134.9

127.6

Total Fertility Rate

4.5

4.3

% Births at Non-Medical places

76.7

76.2

Child Health

Infant Mortality Rate

81.5

79.8

Neo-Natal Mortality Rate

51

51.5

Post Neo-Natal Mortality Rate

30.5

28.3

% Vaccinated (1998)*

70.7

Ratios**

2000

2001

Population per bed

1,495

1,490

Population per Doctor

1,529

1,516

Population per Nurse

33,629

31,579

Population per Dentist

3,732

3,639

Pakistan Demographic Survey 2000, Federal Bureau of Statistics, Government of Pakistan

*Pakistan Census Report 1998, Pakistan Census Organization, Islamabad, Pakistan

** 50 Years of Pakistan, Federal Bureau of Statistics, Government of Pakistan, Islamabad, Pakistan

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Table 4.2: Total Fertility Rate, Infant Mortality Rate and Maternal Mortality Ratio of Pakistan 2000

Total Fertility Rate

 

Overall

Urban

Rural

Pakistan

4.3

3.7

4.9

Punjab

4.3

3.6

4.9

Sindh

4.3

3.6

5.2

NWFP

4.5

4.3

4.7

Balochistan

4.6

4.7

4.5

Infant Mortality Rate

 

79.8

69.3

86.8

Maternal Mortality Ratio

 

171.4

171.9

170.8

Pakistan Demographic Survey 2000, Federal Bureau of Statistics, Government of Pakistan

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Figure 4.1: Age Specific Fertility Rates by Rural/Urban, 2000, Pakistan

Figure 4.2: Percentage Distribution of Births by Age of Mother and Urban/Rural, 2000, Pakistan

Figure 4.3: Age Specific Marital Fertility Rates (Per 1000 Currently Married Women) by Urban/Rural, 2000, Pakistan

Figure 4.4: Age Specific Death Rates by Sex, 2000, Pakistan

Figure 4.5: Causes of Deaths, 2000, Pakistan

Figure 4.6: Percentage Distribution of Live Births by Type of Attendant at Birth by Urban/Rural, Pakistan, 2000

Pakistan Demographic Survey 2000, Federal Bureau of Statistics, Government of Pakistan

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Table 4.3: Health Establishments in Pakistan 1947 to 2000

Year

Hospitals

Dispensaries

Maternity and Child Health Centres

Rural Health Centre

Basic Health Unit

T.B. Clinic

Total Beds

1947

292

722

91

 

 

 

13769

1955

333

984

198

 

 

 

19197

1960

342

1195

384

 

 

 

22100

1965

379

1695

554

 

 

 

25603

1970

411

1875

688

 

 

 

28976

1975

518

2908

696

134

373

89

37776

1980

602

3466

812

217

736

98

47412

1985

652

3415

778

334

2647

100

55886

1990

735

3714

1057

459

4213

220

72997

1995

827

4253

864

498

4986

260

85805

2000

876

4635

856

531

5171

274

93907

50 Years of Pakistan, Federal Bureau of Statistics, Government of Pakistan

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Table 4.4: Health Personnel in Pakistan 1950 to 2000, Pakistan

Years

Doctors

Nurses

Nurses per 1,000 Doctors

Dentists

LHV

Registered Midwives

1950

2,298

418

182

 

67

10

1955

3,923

963

245

 

142

30

1960

6,485

1,929

297

 

230

128

1965

10,682

2,945

276

 

627

291

1970

14,109

4,543

322

 

1169

616

1975

17,887

6,144

343

 

1636

 

1980

23,594

9,098

386

928

2009

4200

1985

30,044

10,529

350

1416

1574

8133

1990

51,883

16,948

327

2077

3106

15009

1995

69,691

22,299

320

2751

4185

20190

2000

91,823

37623

410

4175

5619

22528

50 Years of Pakistan, Federal Bureau of Statistics, Government of Pakistan

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Table 4.5: Selected Health Deprivation Indicators of Pakistan (Various Years)

Years

Population With Access to Safe Water %

Population With Access to Sanitation %

Population With Access to Health Services %

Population With Access to Essential Drugs %

% Underweight Children (Under Age 5)

1988-1991

56

24

90

---

42

1990-96

74

47

55

---

38

2000

88

61

---

50-79

38

UNDP (Several years), Human Development Report

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Table 4.6: Current Use and Knowledge about Family Planning Methods in Pakistan 2000-2001

Modern Method

% Use

% Knowledge

Pill

1.9

76.5

IUD

3.5

69.8

Injectables

2.6

75.1

Vaginal Methods

0

--

Female Sterilization

6.9

76.4

Condom

5.5

57.6

Male Sterilization

0

25.2

Other

0.5

--

Traditional Methods

 

 

Periodic Abstinence

1.6

18

Withdrawal

5.3

33.2

Pakistan Reproductive Health and Family Planning Survey 2000-2001, National Institute of Population Studies, Islamabad, Pakistan

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Figure 4.7: Contraceptive Knowledge and Prevalence Rate (1968-2000), Pakistan

Figure 4.8: Percentage Share of Contraceptives Methods in Total Contraceptive Prevalence Rate in Pakistan

Pakistan Reproductive Health and Family Planning Survey 2000-2001, National Institute of Population Studies, Islamabad, Pakistan

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Table 4.7: Estimated Number of Adults and Children Living with HIV/AIDS, End of 2001*

Estimated number of Cases with HIV/AIDS in Pakistan

Figure 4.9: AIDS cases by mode of transmission, Pakistan, 2001

Adults and children

78,000

Adults (15-49)

76,000

Women (15-49)

16,000

Children (0-15)

2,200

Adult rate (%)

0.1

Estimated number of deaths due to AIDS**

Deaths in 2001

4,500

Estimated number of orphans***

Current living orphans

25,000

*These estimates include all people with HIV infection, whether or not they have developed symptoms of AIDS, alive at the end of 2001:

**Estimated number of adults and children who died of AIDS during 2001

***Estimated number of children who have lost their mother or father or both parents to AIDS and who were alive and under age 15 at the end of 2001:

Epidemiological Fact Sheets on HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections 2002 Update (Pakistan), UNAIDS/UNICEF/WHO

 

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